Writing a Resume

Writing a resume can be difficult if you do not have experience in doing so.  Remember, your resume is the way you are selling yourself to a company. A resume contains your relevant experiences to the job you are applying for, as well as your education, skills, and your professional goals. There are three types of resumes; each type depends on what type of job you are applying for.

Chronological Resume

A chronological resume lists your previous jobs in a chronological order. It is preferred that your chronological resume lists your most recent job first and the oldest last. This type of resume can be used when applying for a sales position or when you have a unique strong background to represent yourself. DO use a chronological resume to list relevant experience to the new position you are applying for.  DON’T use this type of resume if you are applying for a management position and you don’t have any management experience or experience in a particular area.

Functional Resume

Functional resumes are an excellent way to start a new career path or to really sell yourself to a company. In a functional resume, your experience is not listed as your previous work; rather it is presented as what you have done within a company and what can you do for the company you are applying for. When working with this type of resume, it is best to remember that everything you have done for your current employer will have a grand pay off. You can elaborate more on your skills in a functional resume, and gaps between work will not seem as important compared to what you can do.

Combination Resume

This type of resume can work work great when done correctly. In a combination resume, you can use both the chronological and functional style of resumes. While your experiences are chronologically listed, you can offer a brief description of the important tasks/responsibilities that you completed in a specific field. The combination resume can be used in any field; however, it is best used when you have an extensive professional background.

How to Write a Resume

What you need to write a resume are the following:

  • Your contact information.
  • A professional goal- this can be done in about three to five sentences.
  • Names of companies you previously worked for.
  • City and dates of employment.
  • Knowledge of certain skills to sell yourself to a company.
  • Skills can be computer related, different languages you speak, office skills, etc.
  • Information about your references.

Now that you have gathered the information needed to write a resume, you will need a template to help guide you. Resume templates are not completely necessary once you gain experience in writing resumes; however, it is important that you find a style that fits YOU. 

Your template should depend on what type of resume you are writing. Whether it is a chronological, functional or combination resume, you can make any template your own. Free templates are easy to find; either an online or a Microsoft word resume template can be used.  When using a “common” template such as Microsoft template, you should stop and ask yourself “how often has this employer seen this type of resume?” That is why it’s important to create a style of your own with Free templates. 

The resume layout depends on what you areas you want the employer to focus on. Please remember that a one page resume works best in most situations. Unless you have had an extensive relevant background to the current job you are applying for, one page is the standard and most convenient way to start your resume. Employers usually read the first page of the resume; very rarely do employers decide to flip the page and take a look at the second page. Unless it is completely necessary, you should avoid having more than one page for your resume.

Template for Functional Resume

Your First and Last Name

Street Address, City, State

Telephone Number – Email Address



[Explain as clear as possible what you offer and your goals in this industry you are now applying for]


[This is your opportunity to state everything that you CAN do- Keywords: Organized, Motivated, Independent, adaptable]


[You can list your education with some relevant courses taken as well as honors, awards, etc]


[This is the place to get creative. Whether you know several languages or any computer skills, list them here.]


[Tip: List your title, the company and brief location of the company. No dates are necessary because the focus will be in the introduction of your resume]

[Note: For a Combination Resume, dates will be necessary in this area.  List your title, company you worked for, State and year of employment. DO write the year from the most recent to the oldest position held. DON’T focus on start and end date if you have an extreme gap of employment and have been “hopping” from company to company]


[Same step as a chronological resume]




Example of a Chronological Resume

Name Applicant

123 Sydney, Australia 2000

555-555-555 e: jobapplicant@gmail.com



I’m an IT Expert with more than 10 years of well rounded experience in the field. My skills include HTML, CSS, LAMP Development and Graphic Design. I also have experience with SEO and Internet Advertising.




Sydney, Australia, November 2004 – Present

Technical Instructor – Curriculum Developer – Corporate Trainer


Melbourne, Australia, October 2000 – November 2004

Technical Instructor – Curriculum Developer – Project Manager


Melbourne, Australia, February 1999 – September 2000

Web Developer – Graphic Designer – Project Manager



Mba Univeristy of Queensland, Australia


Numerous professional and personal references are available and will be furnished upon request.


Example of a Functional Resume

Name Applicant


123 Sydney, Australia 2000    Phone: 555-555-5555  Email: n.applicant@qlu.net



To obtain a position where I can maximize my multilayer of management skills, quality assurance, program development, training experience, customer service and a successful track record in the Information and technology area.


Results-oriented, high-energy, hands-on professional, with a successful record of accomplishments in the Information and technology area, training and communication transmission industries. Experience in Web design, HTML, ARCGIS and fully compliant with FDA cGMP, Code of Federal Regulations, and  AABB accreditation.

Major strengths include strong leadership, excellent communication skills, competent, strong team player, attention to detail, dutiful respect for compliance in all regulated environment and supervisory skills including hiring, termination, scheduling, training, payroll and other administrative tasks. Thorough knowledge of current manufacturing practices and a clear vision to accomplish the company goals.


Program Manager

In charge of projects for the Global XYZ company. Provided operational reviews, education, accountability and government regulatory requirements. Maintained system technicians and transmissions for the reception of important and sensitive documents handed.

Assisted team members with their IT problems in CGI, MAP quests, GIS mapping.

In charge of the recruiting and staffing reports in the IT department for over a decade with the reduction of turnovers and successfully managed 400 employees.Payroll specialist and schedule expert in the IT experience honor roll. In charge of monitoring devices in nodes and supplies.


•Masters of Arts, IT expert, in University of Queensland, Australia

•IT certified, Cornerstone Technician, University of Queensland, Australia

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